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考试必备:小学英语语法归纳总结

时间:2019-05-27 14:49  作者:久伴英语  

英语语法的学习一直都是英语学习的重点,想要说一口流利的英语,更好的用英语表达出自己的语言,除了单词的积累,语法也是至关重要的。今天小编为大家整理了小学英语考试必备的英语语法,进行了归纳总结分享给大家,希望对大家能够有所帮助。

 

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一、人称代词

主格:I we you she he it they

宾格:me us you her him it them

形容词性物主代词:my our your her his its their

名词性物主代词:mine ours yours hers his its theirs

 

二、形容词和副词的比较

1. 一般在形容词或副词后+er

例:older ,taller, longer, stronger

 

2. 多音节词前+more

例:more interesting, etc.

 

3. 双写最后一个字母,再+er

例:bigger fatter, etc.

 

4. y变i,再+er

例:heavier, earlier

 

5. 不规则变化:

例:well-better, much/many-more, etc.

 

三、可数词的复数形式

1. Most nouns + s a book –books

 

2. Nouns ending in a consonant +y - y+ ies a story—stories

 

3. Nouns ending in s,sh, ch or x + es a glass—glasses a watch-watches

 

4. Nouns ending in o+s or +es a piano—pianos a mango—mangoes

 

5. Nouns ending in for fe - f or fe +ves a knife –knives a shelf-shelves

 

四、不可数名词(单复数不变)

如:bread, rice, water ,juice等。

 

五、缩略形式

Im= I am youre = you are, shes= she is, hes = he is

 

Its= it is, whos =who is, cant =can not, isnt=is not等。

 

六、a/an的使用

例:a book, a peach

 

an egg, an hour

 

七、Preposition介词

on, in ,in front of, between, next to, near, beside, at, behind.

 

表示时间: at six o’clock, at Christmas, at breakfast

 

on Monday, on 15th July, On National Day

 

in the evening, in December, in winter

 

八、基数词和序数词

one – first, two-second,three-third, twenty-twentieth

 

九、some/any的使用

I have some toys in my bedroom.

 

Do you have any brothers or sisters?

 

十、be动词

1、Basic form: am/are/is

 

2、肯定和否定句 I am(not) from London.

My eyes are(not) small.

My hair is(not) long.

 

3、一般疑问句: Am I a Chinese? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.

Are they American? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.

Is the cat fat? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

 

十一、祈使句

Sit down please

Don’t sit down, please.

 

十二、现在进行时

通常用“now”.

形式: be + verb +ing

e.g.: I am(not) doing my homework.

You/We/They are(not) reading.

He/She/It is(not) eating.

 

动词—ing 的形式

Most verbs +ing walk—walking

Verbs ending in e -e + ing come—coming

Short verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant run –running swim—swimming

 

十三、一般现在时

通常用 “usually, often, every day, sometimes”。

 

肯定句:

I go to school on foot every day.

She goes to school on foot every day.

 

一般疑问句:

Do you jump high? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

Does he jump high? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.

 

否定句: We don’t go to school on Sundays.

My mother doesn’t like watching TV in the evening.

 

十四、情态动词

can, must, should后面直接用动词原形。

例如: 1. I / He / She / They can sing.

2.You should keep quiet in the library.

 

十五、一般过去时态

1. be 动词的过去式:

I/He/she/it was(not)…. You/we/they were….

一般疑问句was, were 放在句首。

 

2. 动词过去式:

 

肯定句: I watched cartoons.

She visited the zoo.

 

一般疑问句: Did you read book last night? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t.

Did she clean the desk just now? Yes, she did. No, she didn’t.

 

否定句: They didn’t go to the part yesterday.

He didn’t make model ships last week.

 

3. 动词过去式的变化:

规则动词的变化:

Most verbs +ed e.g. planted, watered, climbed。

Verbs ending in e+d e.g. liked。

Verbs ending in a consonant +y --y +ied e.g. : study—studied

Short verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant e.g. : stop --stopped

 

不规则动词的变化:

is/am—was, are—were, do—did, have/has—had, make—made, fly-flew,

eat—ate, take—took, run—ran, sing—sang, drink—drank 等等

 

以上就是小编为大家整理考试必备的小学英语语法,小学的语法都是些基础,虽说语法的学习比较难,但对于英语的学习来说是非常重要的。即使是在一些欧美国家,学生也还是需要学习语法的。


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